Ph101 Laboratory Manual, Fall 1996:
Introduction to Ph101 Laboratory.
Lab 1, Precision Estimates.
Lab 2, Newton's First and Second Laws for Linear Motion.
Lab 3, Motion in Two Dimensions.
Lab 4, The Behavior of a Simple Pendulum and a Precision Measurement of g.
Lab 5, The Physics of Rotating Bodies.
Lab 6, The Physics of Springs.
Lab 7, Physics in Collision.
Lab 8, Friction in Fluids.
Learning Guide, Fall 2008.
Laboratory Manual Fall 2009.
Laboratory Manual Fall 2012.
2009 Ph103 Laboratory Manual.
2010 Ph103/105 Laboratory Manuals:
Lab 1: Motion in Two Dimensions.
Lab 2: Forces in Fluids.
Lab 3: Collisions in Two Dimensions.
Lab 4: Rolling Friction.
Lab 5: Rotational Motion.
Lab 6: A Precision Measurement of g.
.xls sheet for Lab 6.
Lab 7: Coupled Pendula and Normal Modes.
.xls sheet for Lab 7.
Lab 8: The Speed of Sound and Specific Heats of Gases.
Lab Manual Appendices.
Ph103 Laboratory Troubleshooting Manual (mainly for AI's).
Ph104 Laboratory Manuals.
Ph104 Laboratory Manual Introduction.
Lab 1, Exploring Electrostatics with an Electroscope.
Lab 2, More Studies with an Electroscope.
Lab 3, Resistors, Capacitors, DC Circuits, and RC Circuits.
Lab 4, e/m of the Electron, Measurement of μ0.
Lab 5, Make and Test a Motor.
Lab 6, Oscilloscope, Signal Generator and Filters.
Lab 7, RLC Circuits.
Lab 8, Geometrical Optics, Optical Instruments.
Lab 9, Physical Optics: Interference and Diffraction.
Lab 10, Diode Rectifier and Transistor AC Amplifier.
Lab 11, AM Radio.
Instructions for Laboratory Instructors.
Lecture 1, Review of the Principles of Elementary Mechanics.
Lecture 2, Mechanics of a System of Particles.
Lecture 3, Development of a General Method, Lagrange's Equations.
Lecture 4, Examples of Lagrange's Method.
Lecture 5, Calculus of Variations.
Lecture 6, More About Lagrange's Equations.
Lecture 7, Impulses.
Lecture 8, Small Oscillations About Equilibrium.
Lecture 9, Central Forces.
Lecture 10, Central Forces, II.
Lecture 11, Mechanical Similarity, Virial Theorem, Collisions.
Lecture 12, Scattering.
Lecture 13, More About Oscillations.
Lecture 14, Coupled Oscillations.
Lecture 15, Nonlinear Oscillations.
Lecture 16, Accelerated Coordinate Systems.
Lecture 17, Motion of a Rigid Body.
Lecture 18, Motion of a Rigid Body with No External Torques.
Lecture 19, Motion of a Spinning Top Including Gravity.
Lecture 20, Rolling without Slipping, Hamiltonian Methods.
Lecture 21, Wave Motion.
Lecture 22, Standing Waves.
Lecture 23, Traveling Waves.
Lecture 24, Water Waves.
Lecture 26, Solitons.
Problem Set 1,
Problem Set 2, Solutions.
Problem Set 3, Solutions.
Problem Set 4, Solutions.
Problem Set 5, Solutions.
Problem Set 6, Solutions.
Problem Set 7, Solutions.
Problem Set 8, Solutions.
Problem Set 9, Solutions.
Problem Set 10, Solutions.
Problem Set 11, Solutions.
Problem Set 12, Solutions.
Final Exam, 1981.
Final Exam, 1983.
Final Exam, 1989, Solution.
Final Exam, 1990, Solution.
Ph304, Electrodynamics, Problem
Sets. MKSA units are employed.
Set 1, .ps version.
Set 2, .ps version.
Set 3, .ps version.
Set 4, .ps version.
Set 5, .ps version.
Set 6, .ps version.
Set 7, .ps version.
Set 8, .ps version.
Set 9, .ps version.
Set 10, .ps version.
Set 11, .ps version.
Set 12, .ps version.
Midterm exam, 2002, .ps version.
Midterm exam, 2003, .ps version.
Final exam, 2002, .ps version.
Final exam, 2003, .ps version.
Ph406, Nuclear and Elementary
Particle Physics, problem sets.
Set 1 (Feb 1993).
Set 2 (Feb 1993).
Set 3 (Feb 1993).
Set 4 (March 1992).
Set 5 (March 1993).
Set 6 (March 1993).
Set 7 (April 1993).
Set 8 (April 1992).
Set 8 (April 1993).
Set 9 (April 1993, overlaps with set 8 of 1992).
Set 10 (May 1993).
Final Exam (May 1992). Solutions.
Ph410, Physics of Quantum Computation.
Text/reference for the course is M.A. Nielsen and I.L. Chuang, Quantum Computation and Quantum Information (Cambridge U.P., 2000).
A compendium of research papers relevant to the course.
Ph410 Problems (with solutions. These extensive
24 problems constituted the course.)
Reflections of a (Skeptical) Experimental High-Energy Physicist after Teaching a Course on Quantum Computation (Feb 24, 2006).
Ph206/501, Electrodynamics, Lectures and Problem Sets.
In my opinion, the Graduate Preliminary Exam should cover the material of Lectures 1-16 (problem sets 1-8), while that of lectures 17-26 (sets 9-12) goes beyond the core minimum. Gaussian units are employed.
Lecture 1, Overview of
Maxwell's Equations; Electrostatics.
Motion of a Point Charge Near an Electric Dipole.
On the Nature of the Molecular Forces which regulate the Constitution of the Luminferous Ether, S. Earnshaw, Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. 7, 97 (1839).
Lecture 2, Conductors and Dielectrics.
Lecture 3, Electrostatic Energy, Maxwell Stress Tensor.
A Paradox Concerning the Energy of A Dipole in a Uniform External Field,
Energy Balance in an Electrostatic Accelerator.
Lecture 4, Potential Theory: Image Methods, 2-D Problems with Rectangular Boundaries.
Green's Function for a Conducting Plane with a Hemispherical Boss,
Two Conducting Spheres at the Same Potential,
Notes on Electrostatic Wire Grids.
Lecture 5, Potential Theory: 2-D Problems with Cylindrical and Spherical Boundaries.
The Guard Ring of a Streamer Chamber,
A Conducting Checkerboard.
Lecture 6, Potential Theory: 3-D Problems with Cylindrical Boundaries; Conducting Needles, Spheroids, Disks; Use of Conjugate Functions.
Capacitance of a Thin Conducting Disk and of Conducting Spheroids,
Conducting Ellipsoid and Circular Disk,
Conducting Spherical Shell with a Circular Orifice,
Using Conformal Maps to Explore the Potential of Wire Grids.
Lecture 7, Steady Currents; Magnetostatics.
Currents in a Conducting Sheet with a Hole.
Resistance of a Disk,
The Laser Driven Vacuum Photodiode,
Floating Wire Simulation of the Trajectory of a Charged Particle in a Magnetic Field,
The Helical Wiggler.
Lecture 8, Sources of the Magnetic field; Magnetic Materials.
Magnetic Field in a Time-Dependent Capacitor,
Methods of Calculating Forces on Rigid Magnetic Media,
Lecture 9, Faraday's Law.
Pitching Pennies into a Magnet,
The Amp Clamp,
Noncontact Measurement of the Tension of a Wire,
Electromagnetic Fields of a Rotating Shell of Charge,
The Barnett Experiment with a Rotating Solenoid Magnet.
Lecture 10, Electromagnetic Energy, Momentum and Angular Momentum; Inductance.
On the Transfer of Energy in the Electromagnetic Field, J.H. Poynting, Phil. Mag. 175, 343 (1884),
Hidden Momentum in a Coaxial Cable,
Electromagnetic Field Energy,
Feynman Cylinder Paradox,
Canonical Angular Momentum of a Solenoid Field,
A Neutrino Horn Based on a Solenoid Lens.
McKenna's Paradox: Charged Particle Exiting the Side of A Solenoid Magnet.
Lecture 11, Introduction to Electromagnetic Waves.
A Bounded Source Can't Emit a Unipolar Electromagnetic Pulse,
The Transverse Momentum of an Electron in a Wave,
Classical "Dressing" of a Free Electron in a Plane Electromagnetic Wave,
The Radiofrequency Quadrupole.
Lecture 17, Optics and Diffraction; Gaussian Laser Beams. [I now think that a "short" course on E&M should include some mention of Gaussian laser beams. Lecture 17 gives more than a minimal introduction to this topic.]
Diffraction as a Consequence of Faraday's Law,
Radial Dependence of Radiation from a Bounded Source,
Gaussian Laser Beams via Oblate Spheroidal Waves,
Gaussian Laser Beams with Radial Polarization, .pdf version with high-res figures. Transparencies with high-res figures,
Lecture 12, Plane Waves in Dielectric Media.
Negative Group Velocity,
An Electrostatic Wave,
Magnetostatic Spin Waves.
Lecture 25, Lasers from a Classical Perspective.
[Lectures 25 and 26 are extensions of Lecture 12 beyond the core cirriculum.]
Wave Amplification in a Magnetic Medium,
Self Trapping of Optical Beams.
Lecture 26, Solitons.
Lecture 13, Plane Waves in Conducting Media.
Impedance Matching of Transmission Lines,
Distortionless Transmission Line,
An Off-Center "Coaxial" Cable,
The Grating Accelerator,
Polarization Dependence of Emissivity.
Lecture 14, Waves in Boxes and Pipes.
An RF Cavity in Which Transverse Fields Grow Linearly with Radius,
Ĉerenkov Radiation in a Dielectric Wave Guide.
Lecture 15, Sources of the Waves -- The Retarded Potentials.
The Relation between Expressions for Time-Dependent Electromagnetic Fields given by Jefimenko and by Panofsky and Phillips,
The Electromagnetic Fields Outside a Wire That Carries a Linearly Rising Current,
The Fields Outside a Solenoid with a Time-Dependent Current.
Lecture 16, Multipole Radiation, Antennas, Scattering.
The Forces of Electrical Oscillations Treated According to Maxwell's Theory, H. Hertz, Nature, 39, 402 (1889).
Radiation in the Near Zone of a Hertzian Dipole,
A Phased Antenna Array,
A Parallelogram Loop Antenna,
Small Fractal Antennas,
Radiation from an AC Voltage Source,
Can an Antenna Be Cut Into Pieces (Without Affecting Its Radiation)?.
Lecture 22b, The Radiation Reaction.
Limits on the Applicability of Classical Electromagmetic Fields as Inferred from the Radiation Reaction,
Hawking-Unruh Radiation and Radiation of a Uniformly Accelerated Charge,
The Radiation Reaction Force and the Radiation Resistance of Small Antennas.
Lecture 23, Interaction of Radiation with Matter -- Microscopic View.
Lecture 18, Special Relativity. The 4-Potential of a Moving Charge.
Lecture 19, Other Force Fields. Significance of Gauge Invariance. Fields of a Moving Charge.
Lecture 20, Relativistic Radiation Effects: Bremsstrahlung. Synchrotron Radiation.
Notes on Synchrotron Radiation,
Measurement of Pulsewidth via Correlations in Intensity Fluctuations,
Classical Radiation Processes in the Weizsäcker-Williams Approximation,
Hertzian Dipole Radiation via the Weizsäcker-Williams Method,
The Weizsäcker-Williams Approximation to Trident Production in Electron-Photon Collisions.
Lecture 21, Relativistic Radiation Effects: Ĉerenkov Radiation. Transition Radiation.
Ĉerenkov Radiation in a Dielectric Wave Guide,
Observation of Interference between Ĉerenkov and Synchrotron Radiation,
Radiation from a Superluminal Source,
Lecture 22, Electromagnetic Mass. Radiation Reaction.
An exchange of letters on electromagnetic field momentum.
Lecture 24, Mechanics and Electromagnetism. Additional examples:
Ph501 Problem sets:
Set 1, .ps version. (For lectures 1 and 2).
Set 2, .ps version. (For lectures 3 and 4).
Set 3, .ps version. (For lectures 5 and 6).
Set 4, .ps version. (For lectures 7 and 8).
Set 5, .ps version. (For lectures 9 and 10).
Set 6, .ps version. (For lectures 11 and 12).
Set 7, .ps version. (For lectures 13 and 14).
Set 8, .ps version. (For lectures 15 and 16).
[No solutions are given for Sets 9-12.]
Set 9 (For lectures 17 and 18).
Set 10 (For lectures 19 and 20).
Set 11 (For lectures 21 and 22).
Set 12 (For lectures 23 and 24).
Midterm exam, Oct. 2000, .ps version.
Ph529, Elementary Particle
These lectures, written in the 1980's, give a sense of how the Standard Model came to be.
Lecture 1, Why High Energy?
Lecture 2, History: The Strong Interaction.
Lecture 3, History: Electromagnetic and Weak Interactions.
Lecture 4, Detecting Elementary Particles.
Lecture 5, The Electromagnetic Structure of Matter.
Lecture 6, Elastic Scattering of Electrons and Hadrons.
Lecture 7, continuation of Lecture 6.
Lecture 8, Inelastic Electron Scattering.
Lecture 9, Invariance Principles and Conservation Laws.
Lecture 10, Charge Conjugation, Isospin, etc.
Lecture 11, 3-Body Decays, Partial-Wave Analysis.
Lecture 12, Phenomenology of the Strong Interaction at High Energies.
Lecture 13, The Quark Model.
Lecture 14, The Quark Model, II.
Lecture 15, Heavy Quark States.
Lecture 16, The Weak Interaction.
Lecture 17, Weak Interactions, II.
Lecture 18, CP Violation.
Lecture 19, Neutrino Interactions.
Lecture 20, The Need for a Better Theory.
Lecture 21, The Glashow-Weinberg-Salam Model.
Lecture 22, Test of the Glashow-Salam-Weinberg Model.
Lecture 23, Quantum Chromodynamics.
Lecture 24, Speculations.
Aladdin Ghostscript to view .ps files.
Visit the Tucows website for an extensive collection of browser utilities.
Gerard 't Hooft's site on how to become a theoretical physicist in your "spare" time.
Download an interactive Radiation Simulator, by Tsumoru Shintake. Version on my site.
Click on image near bottom of page. I recommend turning off the auxiliary windows, and turning on "Plot Wavefront" under "View", "Field Plot."
Note that you can set the velocity of the charge to be greater than 1 => faster than light.
--- The classic textbook illustration of how yanking a charge causes radiation can be nicely simulated by choosing "Setup", "Trajectory", Line", velocity = 0.1, start = -0.05, stop = 0.05.
--- For a dipole radiator, try "Setup", "Trajectory", "Dipole Oscillation", velocity = 0.8, amplitude = 0.02.
--- For Ĉerenkov radiation, try "Setup", "Trajectory", Line", velocity = 1.5, start = -1.0, stop = 1.0. You may want to turn off "Plot Electric Field Lines" for this.
A collection of Java applets on physics.
The Karlsruhe Physics Course.
Why an Antenna Radiates, by Ken Macleish.
Thinking about Physics, from U. Amherst.
Physics Central, from the APS.
MIT Physics 8.07, E&M, course page.
Harvard Physics 153, E&M, course page.
Chaos on the Web, Caltech PH161, by Michael Cross.
The Chaos Hypertextbook.
Applications of Classical Physics, Caltech PH136, by Roger Blandford, Kip Thorne and David Stevenson.
Modern Problems in Classical Electrodynamics, by Charles A. Brau.
Elektrodynamik, by Martin Zirnbauer. Maxwell's equations via chains and differential forms (2.4MB, in German). .pdf version. Other physics courses from U. Cologne.
Physics Problem of the Week, from David Morin.
Physics Questions/Problems, from Yakov Kantor.
Physics Problems by Akakii Melikidze.
The delightful Math Pages includes a Physics page.
Boston Area Undergraduate Physics Competition.
The Physics Professor's Ultimate Resources.
Physics Quiz by Juergen Giesen.
Visual Physics Question of the Week.
Physics Problems by University of Oregon Physics Students.
Duke Physics Challenges by Henry Greenside.
Physics of the Outdoors by Steven van Roode.
The Auto-Mechanics of Newton's Laws of Motion.
The Last Word by New Scientist magazine.
Physics Articles, from the Nobel Foundation.
General Interest Articles, from NIST.
Links to Educational Sites, from LBNL.
ProSEDS. NASA web on power generation by a satellite tether.
The Great Magnet, the Earth. NASA web page on planetary magnetism.
When North Goes South. LANL web page on terrestrial magnetism.
AetherCzar, electromagnetic blog by H.G.~Schantz.
The Sand Mouse Web Page.
GrayLit Network, access to US government technical reports.
The Museum of Hoaxes.
The Museum of Unworkable Devices.
Ideal Scientific Equipment.
"The Alternative View" by John G. Cramer.
Quantum Philosopy Theories.